At the beginning of this Chapter 5, Arjun again seeks a clear cut of decisions from Shree Krishna. Remember Arjun is a warrior and not a philosopher. While he listens to the explanations of Shree Krishna, at times he wants to simply told which path to follow.
His direct question to Shree Krishna in the first verse of Chapter 5 – Tell me clearly which is better between Samnyaas and Karma Yog?
Shree Krishna also gives him a direct answer:
- Verse 2 – Samnyaas and Karma-Yog are both valid and capable of bringing you Shreya (to the beneficial state). But between Karma-Yog and Samnyaas (तयोस्तु कर्म-संन्यासात) , Karma-Yog is the better or more notable (कर्म-योगः विशिष्यते).
- Verse 4, Line 1 – That Samnyaas and Yog are different (सांख्य योगः पृथक), say (mental) children (बालाः प्रवदन्ति), not the Pandit (न पंडिताः)
- Verse 5, Line 2 – Samnyaas and Yog are One (एकं सांख्यं च योगम च); He who sees it , He sees (gets) it (यः पश्यति स पश्यति)
At the beginning of Chapter VI, Shree Krishna makes a direct statement. In this statement, he again declares the unity between Karma-Yog and Samnyaas. But he distinguishes both these from non-action or avoidance of action and he links the Section 2 of Chapter II in the process.
Verse 1, Chapter VI
- One who Does Karma (कार्यं कर्म करोति यः) without the excuse of the fruits of the action (अन-आश्रितः कर्म-फलं); he is a Samnyaasi and a Yogi (स संन्यासी च योगी); but one who avoids doing the Action is not (न अक्रियः).
Much of Chapter VI is devoted to the same concepts as Chapter 5 about how Yog, Samnyaas are linked and how the mind has to be prepared to act with stable Buddhi.
As we said earlier, Arjun was a warrior. He could understand philosophy. But often he needed clear guidance. This is why Shree Krishna goes back to the Chapter 4 concept of He, Shree Krishna, as the Supreme.
- Verse 30 – One who sees me everywhere (यः माम पश्यति सर्वत्र) and who sees everything in me (सर्वं च मई पश्यति); I never forsake him (तस्यां अहम् न प्रण-श्यामि) and he is never forsaken from me (स च मे न प्रण-श्यति).
The importance of Karma-Yog and the overriding importance of followership of Shree Krishna is stated in the last two definitive verses of Chapter VI.
- Verse 46 – The Karma-Yogi is considered greater than the Tapasvi (the sages who do penance in forests); The Karma-Yogi is considered greater than the Dnyaani (people with knowledge) and greater than people who do Yadnya or Vedic Rituals. Therefore O Arjun, Become a Karma-Yogi (तस्मात् योगी भव अर्जुन).
- Verse 47 – Among all the Karma-Yogis (योगिनाम अपि सर्वेषाम), the one who worships me in his inner self (अंतरात-मनः श्रधा-वान भजते यो माम), I consider him the most accomplished (स मे युक्ततमो मतः) .
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