Chapter XIII of Bhagwat Geeta & Sant Eknath

In our two articles about Chapter XIII, we labored to bring the duality of क्षेत्र- क्षेत्रज्ञ-विचार or Kshetra-Kshetradnya-Vichaar in a simple form to our readers. Based on the feedback from readers, we failed.

We are not surprised at our failure. These are words of the Bhagwan and contain his exposition of rich, metaphysical concepts of the Ved-Upanisad tradition. It is beyond out meagre ability to do any justice to such great works.

Our efforts again reminded us of the greatness of Indian Saints who through centuries performed the difficult task of bringing the greatness of the Bhagwat Geeta to common people.
Today, we rely on Sant Eknath (1533-1599) for his very simple exposition of the Kshetra-Kshetradnya duality.

Recall that in Verse 2, Chapter XIII, Shree Krishna tells Arjun: ”

  • Arjun, Know Me as the क्षेत्रज्ञ (Kshetradnya) of all Kshetra (क्षेत्र).
Recall also Verse 27, Chapter XIII that teaches “Param-Ishwar or Param-Atman resides in all beings.”

The most revered temple of Bhaagwat Dharma in Mahaa-Raashtra is Pandhar-Pur or commonly known as Pandharee. It has the temple of Vitthal or Pandurang, a representation of Vishnu. The existence of Vitthal is what has made Pandharee important just as the existence of Atman is what gives a body a standing.

Listen to the words of Sant Eknath in the voice of Pandit Bhimsen Joshi. Fortunately the clip below provides an English translation.

This Abhang goes back over 400 years and it is still sung all over Mahaa-Raashtra. We find this to be a simple and sublime description of the
Kshetra-Kshetradnya duality. We respectfully request all readers to listen to this Abhang. We shall include just a couple of lines below:

            काया हि पंढरी आत्मा हा विठ्ठल
            (The) Body is Pandharee, (The) Atmaa is Vitthal

            नांदतो केवळ पांडुरंग 
            Only Pandurang Resides in Me

The Samkhya School discusses 10 Indriya, five as Dnyaan-Indriya and five as Karma-Indriya. Verse 58 of Chapter II, Section 5 says: 

  • One who gathers together (controls) all Indriya and their desires, his Buddhi becomes Stable (तस्य प्रज्ञा प्रतिष्टीथा).
Sant Eknath shows below how to perform this exercise as a Bhakt:

         दश इंद्रियांचा एक मेळ केला 
         I collected Ten Indriya together 

         ऐसा गोपाल-काला होत असे   
         That collection becomes my offering to Gopaal (Shree Krishna)

In conclusion, Sant Eknath extends his concept from one city to all Kshetra:

         देखिली पंढरी देही-जनी-वनी
         I see Pandharee in (every) body-person-area

         एका जनार्दनी वारी करी  
         One Janaardan (Shree Krishna) is my pilgrimage

Wikipedia has a decent description of Sant Eknath . Below is a animated tale of Sant Eknath for the entire family.

Editor’s Note: A request to all readers. The Bhakti Marg is rich in great works by Saints from all over India. If you know of such works from great saints of India like Thiru-Valluwar, Tyaagraj, Chaitanya, Narsi Mehta and many others, please send those to us so that we may share them with all readers.

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