Recently we discovered a wonderful clip on You Tube. It is a composite of scenes from Sant Tukaram, a 1936 film that won awards and great success. Get a DVD and watch it. Or simply watch this great classic on You Tube.
Sant Tukaram (1608-1650) is considered to be the pinnacle of the Bhakti Movement in Maharashtra that began with Sant Dnyaaneshwar (1275-1296).
This clip shows the greatness of Indian Saints who brought the wisdom of the Bhagwat Geeta to common people across India. They did so in exquisite poems, in simple words that explain profound truths.
This 6 minute clip does a beautiful job of explaining the essence of the Bhagwat Geeta, that all the three paths lead to Liberation but in different ways. What path one follows depends upon one’s Sva-Dharma or chosen duty. But that path should be followed and the duty should be performed with total dedication without selfish tendencies. When one performs one duties while singing the Name of God, he attains Moksha.
We urge all readers to watch this clip and read the subtitles. The only addition we provide is to link the teachings in the clips to the Verses of the Bhagwat Geeta.
The clip begins with a reprimand to Sant Tukaram by a Vedic Scholar. The scholar accuses Tukaram of belittling Vedic Rituals to preach Bhakti Marg.
Sant Tukaram politely explains that Vedic Rituals and Bhakti Marg are simply different paths; one is rocky, the other smooth. The common people reach Bhagwan through devotion regardless of their status, worth, gender or any other factor. This is what Shree Krishna taught in the Bhagwat Geeta. The Bhakti Marg in the Geeta begins from Verse 47 of Chapter 6 which says:
- Among all the Yogis (योगिनाम अपि सर्वेषाम), the one who worships me in his inner self (अंतरात-मनः श्रधा-वान भजते यो माम), I consider him the most accomplished (स मे युक्ततमो मतः)
Then Tukaram explains that Bhakti Marg is a simple and universal representation (Sva-Roop) of Vedic Marg. He points out the essential truth of Eternal Dharma that God is Sarva-Vyapi or God has occupied every single portion of the Universe. This is exactly what Shree Krishna reveals in Verse 4, Chapter 9 and in Verses 3-11 of Chapter 10.
Tukaram further says that what the Vedic Teachings call Nir-Aakaar, Nir-Vikaar, Nir-Gun or Omkaar, the Bhakti Marg calls Sa-Aakaar, Sa-Gun, Sa-Vikaar or Pandurang. We termed this as the Doctrine of Duality.
Then Tukaram concludes this discussion with:
- The Ved teach so much, but the true meaning of these teachings is, Surrender yourself to Vithoba (Vishnu), Be Faithful to Oneself and sing His Name. This is the essence of all Shaastra and 18 Puraan.
The next portion of the clip features a visit by Shivaji Maharaj to Sant Tukaram. The Sant was a proponent of Bhakti Marg. He lived the life of a Sant without any material possessions or without any occupation. But he instructed Shivaji Maharaj to follow his own Kul-Dharma or Sva-Dharma:
- Kul-Dharma is Dnyaan, Kul-Dharma is your tool, Kul-Dharma is the path, Kul-Dharma is the great Tatva or principle, Kul-Dharma makes one Paavan or Pavitra-wan. So to fulfill the Kul-Dharma, is the karta-vya or the duty of each one. In fact performing Kul-Dharma is the Tapascharya and the Moksha for each one.
Sant Tukaram explains to Shivaji Maharaj:
- You are a Warrior and your Dharma is to fight the enemies of the country and to protect the country and Dharma. That is your Raj-Dharma. If you perform this Dharma, then you will get fame in this world and Moksha in the higher world.
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